World War I, the United States, and the Challenge to Liberty


The year 2017 marked the centenary of America's entry into World War I. This conference investigated the reasons the United States entered the war, the effects of the war on American politics and society, and the consequences of the war for the liberties of Americans.


Conference Readings

“German Appeal to America, August 1914.” www.firstworldwar.com. www.firstworldwar.com/source/germanappealtoamericans.htm (June 16, 2016).

“U.S. Declaration of Neutrality, 19 August 1914.” www.firstworldwar.com. www.firstworldwar.com/source/usneutrality.htm (June 16, 2016).

“Woodrow Wilson, Speech Asking Congress for a Declaration of War, April 2, 1917.” www.firstworldwar.com. www.firstworldwar.com/source/usawardeclaration.htm (June 16, 2016).

“Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg on the Prospect of War with the U.S., April 1917.” www.firstworldwar.com. www.firstworldwar.com/source/usawar_bethmann.htm (June 16, 2016).

“Erich von Ludendorff on the Meuse-Argonne Offensive (from The American Effort, 1922).” www.firstworldwar.com. http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/meuseargonne_ludendorff.htm (June 16, 2016).

“President Wilson’s ’Fourteen Points’.” www.firstworldwar.com. http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/fourteenpoints.htm (June 16, 2016).

“U.S. Espionage Act, 15 June 1917.” www.firstworldwar.com. http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/espionageact.htm (June 16, 2016).

“D. F. Houston, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, on U.S. Readiness for War.” www.firstworldwar.com. www.firstworldwar.com/source/uspreparation_houston.htm (June 16, 2016).

“Daniel Willard, President of U.S. Railroads’ War Board, on U.S. Wartime Railroad Transportation.” www.firstworldwar.com. www.firstworldwar.com/source/uspreparation_willard.htm (June 16, 2016).

“Henry Cabot Lodge on the League of Nations, 12 August 1919.” www.firstworldwar.com. www.firstworldwar.com/source/lodge_leagueofnations.htm (June 16, 2016).

Berg, A. Scott. Wilson. New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 2013.

Bernays, Edward. Propaganda. New York: IG Publishing, 2005.

Bourne, Randolph S. War and the Intellectuals: Essays by Randolph S. Bourne, 1915-1919. Edited by Carl Resek. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co., Inc., 1999.

Clark, Christopher. The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914. London: Penguin Books Ltd, 2013.

Debs, Eugene Victor. “The Canton, Ohio Antiwar Speech, June 16, 1918,” Socialist Viewpoint, Vol. 3, No. 3.” www.marxists.org. https://www.marxists.org/archive/debs/works/1918/canton.htm (June 16, 2016).

Fleming, Thomas. The Illusion of Victory: America in World War I. New York: Basic Books, 2008.

Higgs, Robert. Crisis and Leviathan: Critical Episodes in the Growth of American Government. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Mosier, John. The Myth of the Great War: How the Germans Won the Battles and How the Americans Saved the Allies. New York: HarperCollins, 2005.

Nock, Albert Jay. The State of the Union: Essays in Social Criticism. Edited by Charles H. Hamilton. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1991.

Powell, Jim. Wilson’s War: How Woodrow Wilson’s Great Blunder Led to Hitler, Lenin, Stalin, & World War II. New York: Crown Forum, 2005.

Raico, Ralph. Great Wars and Great Leaders: A Libertarian Rebuttal. Auburn: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2010.

Schaffer, Ronald. America in the Great War: The Rise of the War Welfare State. London: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Tooze, Adam. The Deluge: The Great War, America, and the Remaking of the Global Order. New York: Penguin Books, 2015.