The Prospects of Freedom: Origins of Twentieth-Century Liberalism


The conference examined classical liberal reactions to the rise of totalitarian regimes in Germany and elsewhere in the early twentieth century through contemporary readings written in response to these political developments.


Conference Readings

Hayek, F. A., Letter of December 28, 1946 soliciting potential interest in forming an international association of scholars concerned with preserving a free civilization (attaching list of recipients)

Barth, Hans. “Reality and Ideology of the Totalitarian State.” The Review of Politics 1, no. 3 (July 1939): 275-306.

Boehm, Franz, Walter Eucken, and Hans Grossmann-Doerth, “The Ordo Manifesto of 1936” In Germany’s Social Market Economy: Origins and Evolution, edited by Alan Peacock and Hans Willgerodt, 15-26. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989.

Davenport, John. “The Testament of Henry Simons.” The University of Chicago Law Review 14 (Fall 1946-47): 5-14.

Director, Aaron. “Simons on Taxation.” The University of Chicago Law Review 14, no. 1 (Fall 1946-1947): 15-19.

Director, Aaron. “Book Review: The Road to Serfdom by Friedrich A. Hayek.” The American Economic Review 35, no. 1 (March 1945): 173-175.

Graham, Frank D. Social Goals and Economic Institutions. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1942.

Hartwell, R. M. A History of the Mont Pelerin Society. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1995.

Hayek, F. A. The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek, Volume II: The Road to Serfdom - Text and Documents - The Definitive Edition. Edited by Bruce Caldwell. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Hayek, F. A. Studies in Philosophy, Politics and Economics. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1967.

Hayek, F. A. “The Prospects of Freedom.” Prospectus for an International Society, London, October 9, 1946.

Jouvenel, Bertrand de. “Three Letters to F. A. Hayek.” Letters on Mont Pelerin Society, France, 1947.

Jouvenel, Bertrand de. “Letter to Milton Friedman.” Membership in Mont Pelerin Society, Anserville, France, July 30, 1960.

Knight, Frank. “Book Review: Social Goals and Economic Institutions by Frank D. Graham.” The Journal of Business of the University of Chicago 16, no. 2 (April 1943): 138-139.

Knight, Frank. “The Sickness of Liberal Society.” Ethics 56, no. 2 (January 1946): 79-95.

Machlup, Fritz. “The Division of Labor Between Government and Private Enterprise.” The American Economic Review 33, no. 1, Part 2 (March 1943): 87-104.

Popper, Karl R. The Open Society and Its Enemies, Volume I: The Spell of Plato. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966.

Robbins, Lionel. Economic Planning and International Order. London: Macmillan and Co., 1937.

Roll, Eric. “Book Review: The Road to Serfdom by Friedrich A. Hayek.” The American Economic Review 35, no. 1 (March 1945): 176-180.

Röpke, Wilhelm. Against the Tide. Translated by Elizabeth Henderson. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1969.

Simons, Henry C. Economic Policy for a Free Society. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1948.