Political Theory

The Liberties of Cities in the Western Tradition


Conferees explored the ways in which towns and free cities in Western Europe and North America have contributed to the development of individual liberty by addressing historical accounts of cities, towns, and townships, as well as theoretical literature examining the place of cities and towns in the past and in the future.


Conference Readings

Althusius, Johannes. Politica. Translated by Frederick S. Carney. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1995.

Aristotle. Politics. Translated by C. D. C. Reeve. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1998.

Botero, Giovanni. On the Causes of the Greatness and Magnificence of Cities. Translated by Geoffrey W. Symcox. Lorenzo Da Ponte: University of Toronto Press, 2012.

Burckhardt, Jacob. The Civilisation of the Renaissance in Italy. Translated by S. G. C. Middlemore. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

de Coulanges, Numa Denis Fustel. The Ancient City. Translated by Willard Small. Mineola, New York: Dover, 2006.

Khanna, Parag. “Beyond City Limits.” Foreign Policy (September/October 2010): 1-5.

Knudsen, Jonathan B. Justus Möser and the German Enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

MacIntyre, Alasdair. The MacIntyre Reader. Edited by Kelvin Knight. London: Polity Book, 1998.

Pirenne, Henri. Medieval Cities, Their Origins and the Revival of Trade. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 1925.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. The Social Contract and Discourses by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Translated by G. D. H. Cole. London and Toronto: JM Dent and Sons, 1923.

Schumacher, E. F. Small is Beautiful. London: Sphere Books Ltd, 1974, 1987.

Skinner, Quentin. Machiavelli and Republicanism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Spruyt, Hendrik. The Sovereign State and Its Competitors. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.

Tocqueville, Alexis de. Democracy in America. Edited by Eduardo Nolla. Translated by James T. Schleifer. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2010.

Tocqueville, Alexis de. The Old Regime and the Revolution. Translated by John Bonner. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1856.

Weber, Max. Classic Essays on the Culture of the Cities. Edited by Richard Sennett. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1969.