The Gregorian Revolution: Liberty and the Fragmentation of Power


This colloquium explored the ideological origins and content of the so-called Western Civilization by examining the notion of individualism—its power, authority, and legitimacy—with emphasis on the historical period of Pope Gregory VII. We also explored the evolution of these concepts during the last century and their consequences for economic progress.


Conference Readings

Berman, Harold J. Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Gurevich, Aaron. The Origins of European Individualism. Translated by Katharine Judelson. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1995.

Jouvenel, Bertrand de. On Power: The Natural History of Its Growth. Translated by J. F. Huntington. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1993.

Maddison, A. "Measuring and Interpreting World Economic Performance 1500-2001." Review of Income and Wealth 51 (1) (March 2005): 1-35.

Nemo, Philippe. What is the West?. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2004.

Strauss, Leo. Natural Right and History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.