Political Theory

Prudence and Practical Wisdom in the Writings of Baltasar Gracián and Arthur Schopenhauer


This conference drew upon Gracian and Schopenhauer to explore the role of prudence in leadership and the art of living as an individual.


Conference Readings

The Complete Essays of Arthur Schopenhauer. Translated by T. Bailey Saunders. New York: Wiley Book Company, 1942.

Gracián, Baltasar. A Pocket Mirror for Heroes. Translated by Christopher Maurer. New York: Doubleday, 1996.

Gracián, Baltasar. The Pocket Oracle and Art of Prudence. Translated by Jeremy Robbins. New York: Penguin Books Ltd., 2011.

Schopenhauer, Arthur. Parerga and Paralipomena: Short Philosophical Essays, Volumes I & II. Translated by E. F. J. Payne. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974.