Political Theory

Political Liberty in the Writings of Raymond Aron and Karl Popper


Conferees explored the Cold War political liberalism of Raymond Aron and Karl Popper, who offered trenchant defenses of liberty and a free and open society against the dominant trends of Marxism, as well as critiques of the intellectual and moral bankruptcy of communism in theory and practice.


Conference Readings

Aron, Raymond. The Opium of the Intellectuals. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2001.

Aron, Raymond. Politics and History. Edited by Miriam Bernheim Conant. Translated by Miriam Bernheim Conant. New York: Routledge, 1984.

Aron, Raymond. In Defense of Political Reason. Edited by Daniel J. Mahoney. Lanham: Rowan & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1994.

Popper, Karl. The Open Society and Its Enemies. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013.

Popper, Karl. Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. New York: Routledge Classic, 2002.

Popper, Karl. The Poverty of Historicism. New York: Routledge Classics, 2002.