Political Theory

Political Hero Worship, Intellectuals, and Freedom


Conferees explored and tried to explain Western intellectuals’ reverence for modern dictators.


From Liberty Fund

Socialism and War

by By F. A. Hayek
Edited by Bruce Caldwell

In the essays in this volume Hayek contributed to economic knowledge in the context of socialism and war, while providing an intellectual defense of a free society. The connection between the two topics is illuminated through essays containing some of Hayek’s contributions to the socialist-calculation debate, writings pertaining to war,…

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Additional Readings

Wolin, Richard, eds. The Heidegger Controversy: A Critical Reader. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Aron, Raymond. The Opium of the Intellectuals. New York: Doubleday, 1957.

Carroll, Rory. Commandante: Hugo Chavez’s Venezuela. New York: Penguin Books, 2013.

Carvajal, D. “From Rebel to Pop Icon: 30 years after his death Che Guevara has new charisma.” New York Times (April 30 1997): 1-3.

Clark, Ramsey. “Why I’m Willing to Defend Hussein.” Los Angeles Times (January 24, 2005): 1-2.

Cumings, Bruce. North Korea: Another Country. New York/London: The New Press, 2004.

Diggins, John P. Mussolini and Fascism: View from America. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978.

Fairbank, John K. “The New China and the American Connection.” Foreign Affairs (October 1976): 31-38 and 40-41.

Falk, Richard. “Trusting Khomeini.” New York Times (February 16, 1979): 1-2.

Furet, Francois. The Passing of an Illusion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Hamilton, Alastair. The Appeal of Fascism: A Study of Intellectuals and Fascism, 1919-45. Zürich: Blond, 1971.

Leites, Nathan. A Study of Bolshevism. Glencoe, Illinois: The Free Press, 1953.

Ludwig, Emil. Nine Etched from Life. Freeport: McBride, 1934.

Mailer, Norman. The Presidential Papers. New York: Literary Licensing, LLC, 1963.

Sartre, Jean Paul. Sartre on Cuba. New York: Ballantine Books, 1961.

Schell, Orville. In the People’s Republic. New York: Vintage Books, 1977.

Schumpeter, Joseph. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. New York: Harper & Row, 1976.

Speier, Hans. Social Order and the Risks of War: Papers in Political Sociology. New York: Stewart, 1952.

von Laue, Theodore. “A Perspective on History: The Soviet System Reconsidered.” The Historian (Winter 1999): 383-391.

Weinreich, Max. Hitler’s Professors: The Part of Scholarship in Germany’s Crimes Against the Jewish People. New York: Yale University Press, 1999.

Winegarten, Renee. Writers and Revolution: The Fatal Lure of Action. New York: New Viewpoints, 1974.

Wolin, Richard. Seduction of Unreason: The Intellectual Romance with Fascism from Nietzsche to Postmodernism. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2004.