Theology & Philosophy

Moral Ideals, Political Necessities, and Liberty


This conference discussed the recurrent conflict between moral ideals and political necessities, and the ramifications for liberty and responsibility of the different possible solutions to such conflicts.


Conference Readings

Anscombe, G. E. M. Ethics, Religion and Politics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1981.

Brandt, Richard B. “Utilitarianism and the Rules of War.” Philosophy and Public Affairs (1972): 145-165.

Hampshire, Stuart. Innocence and Experience. London: Allen Lane, 1989.

Jefferson, Thomas. The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Volume 11 (1808-1816). Edited by Paul Leicester Ford. New York and London: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1905.

Machiavelli, Niccolò. The Prince. Edited by David Wootton. Translated by David Wootton. Indianapolis/Cambridge: Hackett, 1995.

Montaigne, Michel. The Complete Works of Montaigne. Translated by Donald M. Frame. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1943.

Morgenthau, Hans. Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, 5th Edition. Edited by Albert A. Michelson and Leonard Davis. New York City: Knopf, 1978.

Nagel, Thomas. “War and Massacre.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (1972): 123-144.

Stephen, James Fitzjames. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. Edited by Stuart Warner. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1993. (accessed 1993).

Thucydides. On Justice, Power, and Human Nature: The Essence of Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. Translated by Paul Woodruff. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 1993.

Walzer, Michael. “Political Action: The Problem of Dirty Hands.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 2 (1973): 160-180.

Winch, Peter. Ethics and Action. London: Routledge, 1972.