Measuring Political Freedom: Theory, Practice, and Implications


Measures of economic freedom do not touch on notions such as freedom of expression or the differences between negative and positive freedoms. This colloquium focused on the question of how to accurately measure what could be called “autonomy” freedom.


Conference Readings

The Heritage Foundation. 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. Washington: The Heritage Foundation, 2011.

Jones, R. W. and A. C. Stockman. On the Concept of Economic Freedom [Rating Global Economic Freedom]. Edited by S. Easton and M. Walker. Vancouver: The Fraser Institute, 1992.

Berlin, Isaiah. Liberty. Edited by Henry Hardy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Brooks, A. C. The Battle: How the Fight between Free Enterprise and Big Government Will Shape America's Future. New York: Basic Books, 2010.

Carter, Ian. “Choice, freedom, and freedom of choice.” Social Choice and Welfare 22 (2004): 61-81.

Friedman, Milton. Capitalism and Freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962, 2002.

Fukuda-Parr, Sakiko. “The Human Development Paradigm: Operationalizing Sen’s Idea on Capabilities.” Feminist Economics 9, no. 2-3 (2003): 301-317.

Inglehart, Ronald; Roberto Foa; Christopher Peterson; and Christian Welzel. “Development, Freedom and Rising Happiness: A Global Perspective (1981-2007).” Perspectives on Psychological Science 3 (2008): 264-285.

Mill, John Stuart. On Liberty [4th edition]. London: Longman, Roberts, & Green Co., 1869.

Oakeshott, Michael. Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1991.

Pattanaik, Prasanta K. and Yongsheng Xu. “On Ranking Opportunity Sets in Terms of Freedom of Choice.” Réchérches Économiques de Louvain 56 (1990): 463-467.

Sen, Amartya K. Inequality Reexamined. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Sen, Amartya K. Development as Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Stigler, George J. “Wealth, and Possibly Liberty.” The Journal of Legal Studies 7, no. 2 (June 1978): 213-217.

Stiglitz, J., A. K. Sen, and J. P. Fitoussi. “"Classical GDP Issues" and "Quality of Life".” Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress, Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress, 2009.

Sugden, Robert. “What We Desire, What We Have Reason to Desire, Whatever We Might Desire: Mill and Sen on the Value of Opportunity.” Utilitas 18 (2006): 33-51.

Sugden, Robert. “The Metric of Opportunity.” Economics and Philosophy (1998): 307-337.