Liberty, Subsidiarity, and Federalism in the History of European Integration


This conference examined the role played by the concepts of federalism and subsidiarity in the history of modern European integration. In the process, it investigated both the liberal and the anti-liberal impulses at work in the history of the European Union.


Conference Readings

“Draft Declaration of the European Resistance Movements (20 May 1944).” Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe. (September 17, 2010).

“Circular from the German Foreign Minister on the Luxembourg Compromise (Luxembourg, 31 January 1966).” Centre Virtuel de la Conaissance sur l'Europe. http://www.ena/lu/circular_german_foreign_minister_luxembourg_compromise_luxembourg_january_1966-2-10678 (September 17, 2010).

European Community Study Group of the Centre for Policy Studies. Making it Work: The Future of the European Community. Brussels: Centre for Policy Studies, 1984.

Berman, George A. “Taking Subsidiarity Seriously: Federalism in the European Community and the United States.” Columbia Law Review (March 1994): 1-6.

Buchanan, James M. The Collected Works of James M. Buchanan, Volume 18: Federalism, Liberty, and the Law. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2001.

Burgess, Michael. Federalism and European Union. London: Routledge, 2002.

Cass, Deborah Z. “The Word that Saves Maastricht? The Principle of Subsidiarity in the Division of Power within the European Community.” Common Market Law Review 29, no. 6 (December 1992): 1107-1136.

Churchill, Winston. “Address Given by Winston Churchill (Zurich, 19 September 1946).” European Navigator. (Sept. 13, 2012).

Churchill, Winston. “Address given by Winston Churchill (Edinburgh, 19 May 1950).” European Navigator. (Sept. 13, 2012).

Congress of Europe. “Political Resolution (The Hague Congress, 7-10 May 1948).” European Navigator. (Sept.13, 2012).

Deflem, Mathieu and Fred C. Pampel. “The Myth of Postnational Identity: Popular Support for European Unification.” Social Forces 75, no. 1 (Sept. 1996): 119-143.

Einaudi, Luigi. Selected Economic Essays. Edited by Luca Einaudi et al. Houndmills, Basingstoke, New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2006.

European Union. “Protocol on the Application of the Principles of Subsidiarity and Proportionality.” EUR-Lex. (Sept. 13, 2012).

Featherstone, Kevin. “Jean Monnet and the ’Democratic Deficit’ in the European Union.” Journal of Common Market Studies 32, no. 2 (June 1994): 149-162.

Fouchet Committee. “Draft Treaty - Fouchet Plan II (18 January 1962).” Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe. (September 17, 2010).

Kotzur, Markus, “We, the Citizens of Europe: European Union Citizenship” In Citizenship in America and Europe: Beyond the Nation-State?, edited by Michael S. Greve and Michael Zoeller, 71-94. Washington, D.C.: AEI Press, 2009.

Leo XIII. “Rerum Novarum.” Vatican. (Aug. 11, 2012).

Moravcsik, Andrew. “Negotiating the Single European Act: National Interests and Conventional Statecraft in the European Community.” International Organization 45, no. 1 (Winter 1991): 19-56.

Pinder, John. “European Community and Nation-State: a Case for a neo-Federalism?” International Affairs 62, no. 1 (Winter 1985-1986): 41-54.

Pope Pius XI. "Quadragesimo Anno." Vatican Library. (March 2, 2009).

Puchala, Donald J. “The Common Market and Political Federation in Western European Public Opinion.” International Studies Quarterly 14, no. 1 (March 1970): 32-59.

Schuman, Robert. “The Schuman Declaration.” European Navigator. (Sept.13, 2012).

Thatcher, Margaret. “Speech to the College of Europe (The Bruges Speech).” Bruges Belfrey, Bruges, Belgium, September 20, 1988.