Political Theory

Liberty Outside the State


In this conference we discussed the importance of “pre-state” or “extra-state” arguments by theorists, as well as the historical development of government in the pre-modern era, to determine how liberty might be best protected, based on the way humans naturally interact.


Conference Readings

Buchanan, James M. and Gordon Tullock. The Selected Works of Gordon Tullock, Volume 2: The Calculus of Consent. Edited by Charles K. Rowley. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2004.

de Jasay, Anthony. The State. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998.

Demsetz, Harold. “Toward a Theory of Property Rights.” American Economic Review 57, no. 2 (1967): 347-359. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1821637 (accessed 7/9/09).

Gordon, Scott. “The Economic Theory of a Common Property Resource: The Fishery.” Journal of Political Economy 62, no. 2 (April 1954): 124-142.

Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1909.

Hume, David. Essays: Moral, Political, and Literary. Edited by Eugene F. Miller. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1985.

Lane, Rose Wilder. The Discovery of Freedom: Man’s Struggle Against Authority. New York: The John Day Company, 1943. http://mises.org/books/discovery.pdf (accessed June 4, 2013).

Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government. Edited by Thomas Hollis. London: A. Millar et al, 1764.

Martin, Paul. Wilderness and Political Ecology. Edited by Charles Kay and Randy Simmons. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2002.

Montesquieu, “The Spirit of the Laws” In The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu, London: T. Evans, 1777. 1-504.

Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1974.

Oppenheimer, Franz. The State. Translated by John M. Gitterman. New York: B. W. Huebsch, 1922. http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/oppenheimer-the-state (accessed July 7, 2014).

Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge: The Belknap Press, 1971, 1999.

Rousseau, Jean Jacques. “A Discourse: What is the Origin of Inequality Among Men, and is it Authorised by Natural Law? [1754] .” Constitution Society (Translated by G.D.H. Cole). http://www.constitution.org/jjr/ineq.htm (Accessed June 4, 2013).

Schmidtz, David. “Contracts and Public Goods.” Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 10 (1987): 475-503.

Schmidtz, David. The Elements of Justice. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Schmidtz, David and Jason Brennan. A Brief History of Liberty. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Spinoza, Benedict de, “Chapter XVI: Of the foundations of a state; of the natural and civil rights of individuals; and of the rights of the sovereign power” In The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza, Volume 1 (Tractatus-Theologico-Politicus, Tractatus Politicus), London: George Bell and Sons, 1670. 200-213.

The Parallel Bible [The Holy Bible containing the Old and New Testaments translated out of the Original Tongues: being the Authorised Version arranged in parallel columns with the Revised Version]. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1885.