Liberty, History, and Hero-Worship


This conference examined the major competing ideas of liberty in the explanation of historical processes. Are economic and material processes independent of human action, or is some human elite completely responsible for directing such processes? This conference examined some of the principal contenders in these debates over the character and content of the history of a free society to explore how best to understand the course of liberty.


Conference Readings

Bauer, P. T. “Economic History as Theory.” Economica (May 1971): 163-179.

Borges, Jorge Luis. Selected Non-Fictions. Edited by Eliot Weinberger. New York: Penguin, 1999.

Buckle, Henry T. History of Civilization in England. London: Longman’s Green and Co., 1873.

Carlyle, Thomas. On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History, Six Lectures. Cincinnati: U. P. James, 1843.

Dalberg-Acton, John Emerich Edward. Historical Essays & Studies. Edited by John Neville Figgis and Reginald Vere Laurence. London: Macmillan, 1907.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. The Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson (Fireside Edition). Boston and New York: Publisher Unknown, 1909.

Hintze, Otto. The Historical Essays of Otto Hintze. Edited by Felix Gilbert. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975.

Johnson, Paul. Intellectuals: From Marx and Tolstoy to Sartre and Chomsky. New York: Harper Collins, 1989.

Macaulay, Thomas Babington. Macaulay’s Essays: Critical, Historical, and Miscellaneous Essays and Poems, Volume 1. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1880.

Mill, John Stuart. A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive. Edited by J. M. Robson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1974.

Mises, Ludwig von. Theory and History: An Interpretation of Social and Economic Evolution. Edited by Bettina Bien Greaves. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2005.

Spencer, Herbert. The Study of Sociology. London: Henry S. King and Co., 1873.