Political Theory

Liberty, Equality, and Democracy: West and East


The conference explored different conceptions of liberty, democracy, and morality in Western and Confucian points of view.


Conference Readings

Berlin, Isaiah, “Two Concepts of Liberty (an abridgment of his 1958 Oxford lecture)” In Liberty [Oxford Readings in Politics and Government], edited by David Miller, 33-57. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Chan, Joseph. Confucian Perfectionism: A Political Philosophy for Modern Times. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.

Confucius. The Analects. Translated by D. C. Lau. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1992.

Dworkin, Ronald. Sovereign Virtue: The Theory and Practice of Equality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Galston, William A., “Liberal Egalitarianism: A Family of Theories, Not a Single View” In Civil Society and Government, edited by Nancy L. Rosenblum and Robert C. Post, 111-122. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.

Hallowell, John. The Moral Foundation of Democracy. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2007.

Jiwei Ci. Moral China in the Age of Reform. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government. Edited by Peter Laslett. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Mencius. Mencius: A Bilingual Edition, revised. Translated by D. C. Lau. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 2003.

Peimin Ni, “The Confucian Account of Freedom” In The Examined Life—Chinese Perspectives: Essays on Chinese Ethical Traditions, edited by Xinyan Jiang, 119-139. New York: Global Publications, 2002.

Rawls, John. “A Kantian Conception of Equality.” Cambridge Review 96 (1975): 94-99.

Ruiping Fan. “Nonegalitarian Social Responsibility for Health: A Confucian Perspective on Article 14 of the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.” Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26, no. 2 (June 2016): 195-218.

Schumpeter, Joseph A. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. New York: Harper Perennial, 1950.

Taylor, Charles, “What’s wrong with negative liberty?” In The Idea of Freedom, Essays in Honour of Isaiah Berlin, edited by Alan Ryan, 175-193. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979.