Theology & Philosophy

Liberty and the Sabbath


Conferees discussed the relationship between the Sabbath and liberty in Jewish, Puritan, Catholic, philosophical, and legal texts for the purpose of understanding the implications of that relationship for contemporary American culture.


Conference Readings

Rawson Gardiner, Samuel, eds. The Constitutional Documents of the Puritan Revolution, 1625–1660. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1894, 1906.

Dreisbach, Daniel L. and Mark David Hall, eds. The Sacred Rights of Conscience: Selected Readings on Religious Liberty and Church-State Relations in the American Founding. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2009.

The Jewish Bible: Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society, 1985.

Baxter, Richard. The Practical Works of Richard Baxter, Volume 1: A Christian Directory. Ligonier, Pennsylvania: Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1665, 1990.

The Bible, English Standard Version (ESV), Mark 2:23-28 and Hebrews 4:1-13. Copyright 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Downloaded from

Estate of Thornton v. Caldor, Inc., 472 U.S. 703  (1985).

Braunfeld v. Brown, 366 U.S. 599  (1961).

McGowan v. Maryland, 366 U.S. 420  (1961).

Assembly of Divines at Westminster. The Westminster Larger Catechism. Scotland: Church of Christ, 1647. (accessed September 19, 2016).

Ames, William. The Marrow of Theology [1642]. Edited by John D. Eusden. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1997.

Heschel, Abraham Joshua. The Sabbath: its meaning for modern man. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 2005.

Pieper, Josef. Leisure: The Basis of Culture. Translated by Alexander Dru. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1999.

Shepard, Thomas. The Works of Thomas Shepard, Volume III: Theses Sabbaticae. Ligonier, Pennsylvania: Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1649, 1992.

Tocqueville, Alexis de. Democracy in America, Volumes 1 and 2 [English Edition]. Edited by Eduardo Nolla. Translated by James T. Schleifer. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2012.