Liberty and the Authoritarian and Totalitarian Challenges to the Liberal World Order


Conferees discussed whether a new economic order is gestating to replace the one developed under the Pax Americana after World War II, and the room for liberty in this putative new order.


Conference Readings

Mazarr, Michael J., Miranda Priebe, Andrew Radin, and Astrid Stuth Cevallos. Understanding the Current International Order. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation, 2016.

Mazarr, Michael J., Astrid Stuth Cevallos, Miranda Priebe, Andrew Radin, Kathleen Reedy, Alexander D. Rothenberg, Julia A. Thompson, and Jordan Willcox. Measuring the Health of the Liberal International Order. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation, 2017.

Ali, Ayann Hirsi, “Preserving the Values of the West,” and Niall Ferguson’s “The Decline and Fall of History.” Remarks accepting the Philip Merrill Award for Outstanding Contributions to Liberal Arts Education, American Council of Trustees and Alumni, October 28, 2016, Washington, DC.

Barber, Lionel. “Vladimir Putin says liberalism has ‘become obsolete’.” Financial Times (June 2019): 1-4.

Gaddis, John Lewis. The Long Peace. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Haberler, Gottfried. The Liberal Economic Order, Volume I: Essays on International Economics. Edited by Anthony Y. C. Koo. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 1993.

Heydon, Kenneth and Stephen Woolcock. The Ashgate Research Companion to International Trade Policy. New York: Ashgate Publishing, 2012.

Houellebecq, Michel. Submission: A Novel. Translated by Lorin Stein. New York: Picador, 2016.

Ikenberry, G. John. “Why the Liberal World Order Will Survive.” Ethics & International Affairs 32, no. 1 (2018): 17-29.

Irwin, Douglas A. Against the Tide: An Intellectual History of Free Trade. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Kissinger, Henry. World Order. New York: Penguin Books, 2014.

Knutsen, Torbjørn L. The Rise and Fall of World Orders. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.

Li, Eric. “China and the Rule of Law.” American Affairs 3, no. 3 (Fall 2019): 1-20.

Nathan, Andrew J. “China’s Challenge.” Journal of Democracy 26, no. 1 (January 2015): 156-170.

Porter, Patrick. “A World Imagined: Nostalgia and Liberal Order.” Cato Policy Analysis 843 (June 2018): 1-24.

Preble, Christopher A. “Is This the End of the Liberal World Order?” National Interest (August 2018): 1-2.

Zhao, Suisheng. “Xi Jinping’s Maoist Revival.” Journal of Democracy 27, no. 3 (July 2016): 83-97.

Zitelmann, Rainer. “China’s Economic Success Proves the Power of Capitalism.” Forbes (July 2019): 1-5.