Theology & Philosophy

Liberty and Obligation in Roman Stoicism


This conference read classic Stoic texts to examine the history of the liberal understanding of freedom as individual autonomy, and not just the absence of external restriction.


From Liberty Fund

The Meditations of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus

by Translated by Francis Hutcheson and James Moor
Edited and with an Introduction by James Moore and Michael Silverthorne

This 1742 translation is a collaborative work by Francis Hutcheson and a colleague at Glasgow University, the classicist James Moor. Although Hutcheson was secretive about the extent of his work on the book, he was clearly the leading spirit of the project.

This influential classical work offers a vision of…

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Additional Readings

Cicero. On Moral Ends. New York City: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Epictetus, Christopher Gill, Robin Hard. The Discourses of Epictetus - The Handbook - Fragments. New York City: Everyman Paperbacks, 1995.

Long, A. A. From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy. New York City: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Seneca. Moral and Political Essays. Edited by J. F. Procopé. Translated by John M. Cooper. New York City: Cambridge University Press, 1995.