Theology & Philosophy

Liberty and Authority in Luther’s “95 Theses”


The conference examined the theological landscape that led Luther to post his 95 theses, his defense of Christian liberty, and his impact on both Protestants and popes.


Conference Readings

“Grievances and Demands—The Twelve Articles of the Swabian Peasants [circa March 1525] .” German History in Documents and Images (GHDI). (Accessed January 10, 2017).

Erasmus, Desiderus. The Erasmus Reader. Edited by Erika Rummel. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

Huss, John. The Church. Translated by David S. Schaff. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1915.

John of Paris. On Royal and Papal Power. Translated by J. A. Watt. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2002.

Luther, Martin. Luther: Selected Political Writings. Edited by J. M. Porter. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2003.

Luther, Martin. Martin Luther: Selections from His Writings. Edited by John Dillenberger. New York: Anchor Books (Random House, Inc.), 1962.

Pope Boniface VIII. “Unam Sanctam [November 18, 1302] .” Papal Encyclicals Online. (March 3, 2015).

Pope Gregory VII’s Register. “Dictatus Papae [circa March 1075] .” Columbus School of Law and School of Canon Law. (Accessed January 9, 2017).

Pope Leo X. “Exsurge Domine [June 15, 1520] .” Papal Encyclicals Online. (Accessed January 10, 2017).

Pope Leo X. “Decet Romanum Pontificem [January 3, 1521] .” Papal Encyclicals Online. (Accessed January 10, 2017).

Savonarola, Girolamo. Selected Writings of Girolamo Savonarola. Edited by Anne Borelli and Maria Pastore Passaro. Translated by Anne Borelli and Maria Pastore Passaro. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.