Liberty, American Foreign Policy, and the Monroe Doctrine


This conference investigated the history of the Monroe Doctrine: how it evolved and how it helped to frame American foreign policy. Which of the doctrine’s interpretations and articulations have been historically most favorable to the security of the American republic, to the freedom of individual Americans, or to both?


Conference Readings

Diplomatic History of the Panama Canal, Senate Documents. General Reyes to Mr. Hay, Doc. No. 474. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1914.

U.S. Department of State. Monroe Doctrine and Diplomatic Claims of European Powers: Senor Luis M. Drago, Minister of Foreign Relations of the Argentine Republic, to Senor Martin Garcia Merou, Minister of the Argentine Republic to the United States. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1904.

Adams, John Quincy. “Speech on Independence Day.” TeachingAmericanHistory.org. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/document/speech-on-independence-day/ (August 23, 2018).

Ammon, Harry. “The Monroe Doctrine: Domestic Politics or National Decision?” Diplomatic History (Winter 1981): 53-70.

Collin, Richard. Theodore Roosevelt: Many-Sided American. Edited by Richard Collin and Natalie A. Naylor. New York: Interlaken, 1992.

Constitutional Convention delegates, “The Constitution of the United States of America” In The American Republic: Primary Sources, edited by Bruce Frohnen, 234-239. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2002.

Dario, Ruben. “To Roosevelt, 1905.” Academy of American Poets. https://www.poets.org/poetsorg/poem/roosevelt (September 4, 2018).

Dickinson, John, “Articles of Confederation” In The American Republic Primary Sources, edited by Bruce Frohnen, 200-204. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2002.

Erikson, Daniel P. “Requiem for the Monroe Doctrine.” Current History (February 2008): 58-64.

Gilderhus, Mark T. The Second Century: U.S. – Latin American Relations since 1889. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 2000.

Hamilton, Alexander, James Madison, and John Jay. The Federalist: The Gideon Edition. Edited by George W. Carey and James McClellan. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2001.

Jefferson, Thomas. “First Inaugural Address.” The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. https://jeffersonpapers.princeton.edu/selected-documents/first-inaugural-address-0 (August 23, 2018).

Jefferson, Thomas, “The Declaration of Independence (1776)” In The American Republic: Primary Sources, edited by Bruce P. Frohnen, 189-191. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2002.

Jefferson, Thomas. “Thomas Jefferson Second Inaugural Address.” Yale.edu. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/jefinau2.asp (September 4, 2018).

Marks, Frederick. “Morality as a Drive Wheel in the Diplomacy of Theodore Roosevelt.” Diplomatic History (Winter 1978): 43-50 and 62.

May, Ernest R. The Making of the Monroe Doctrine. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1975.

Monroe, James. “Monroe Doctrine.” TeachingAmericanHistory.org. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/document/monroe-doctrine/ (August 23, 2018).

Monroe, James. “To Thomas Jefferson from James Monroe, 27 May 1820.” founders.archives.gov. https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/98-01-02-1294 (August 23, 2018).

Perkins, Bradford. The Creation of a Republican Empire, 1776-1865. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Polk, James K. “First Annual Message December 2, 1845.” Presidency.ucsb.edu. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=29486 (September 4, 2018).

Roosevelt, Theodore. The Works of Theodore Roosevelt, Volume 13. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1926.

Roosevelt, Theodore. “Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.” TeachingAmericanHistory.org. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/document/roosevelt-corollary-to-monroe-doctrine/ (August 24, 2018).

Sexton, Jay. The Monroe Doctrine: Empire and Nation in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux: Hill and Wang, 2011.

Smith, Gaddis. The Last Years of the Monroe Doctrine, 1945-1993. New York: Hill and Wang, 1993.

Washington, George. “The Proclamation of Neutrality.” TeachingAmericanHistory.org. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/document/the-proclamation-of-neutrality/ (August 23, 2018).

Washington, George. “Washington’s Farewell Address.” Washington Papers. http://gwpapers.virginia.edu/documents/washingtons-farewell-address/ (August 23, 2018).

Williams, William Appleman. The Contours of American History (Second Edition). London: Verso, 2011.