Political Theory

Liberalism, Popular Sovereignty, and Constituent Power in Latin America


The conference explored how to preserve a democratic regime in which popular participation in constitution making does not come at the price of individual liberty.


From Liberty Fund

The Federalist

by By Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison
Edited by George W. Carey and James McClellan

The Federalist, by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, constitutes a text central to the American political tradition. Written and published in newspapers in 1787 and 1788 to explain and promote ratification of the proposed Constitution for the United States, which were then bound by the Articles of Confederation,…

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Additional Readings

Madison, James. James Madison: Writings 1772-1836. New York: Library of America, 1999.

Althusius, Johannes. Politica. Translated by Frederick S. Carney. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1995.

Amar, Akhil Reed, “Popular Sovereignty and Constitutional Amendment” In Responding to Imperfection, edited by Sanford Levinson, 89-115. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Bejarano, Ana María and Renata Segura. “Asambleas Constituyentes y Democracia.” Colombia Internacional 79 (2013): 21-48.

Brewer Carias, Allan. Dismantling Democracy in Venezuela: The Chavez Authoritarian Experiment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Colon Rios, Joel. Weak Constitutionalism: Democratic Legitimacy and the Question of Constituent Power. New York: Routledge, 2012.

Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. Edited by Merrill D. Peterson. New York: Library of America, 1984.

Landau, David. “Constitution Making Gone Wrong.” Alabama Law Review 64 (2013): 923-938.

Lawson, George. Politica Sacra et Civilis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Locke, John. Second Treatise on Government. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 1980.

Martínez Dalmau, Rubén and Roberto Viciano Pastor. Cambio Político y Proceso Constituyente en Venezuela (1998-2000). Madrid: Editorial Tirant lo Blanch, 2001.

Nina Massüger Sánchez Sandoval and Yanina Welp, “Legality and Legitimacy: Constituent Power in Venezuela, Bolivia, and Ecuador” In Patterns of Constitutional Design: The Role of Citizens and Elites in Constitution Making, edited by Jonathan Wheatley and Fernando Mendez, 103-118. Farnham: Ashgate, 2013.

Schmitt, Carl. Teoría de la Constitución. Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1982.

Sieyés, Emmanuel J. Political Writings. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2003.

Wilson, James. Collected Works of James Wilson, Volume I. Edited by Kermit L. Hall and Mark David Hall. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2007. http://oll.libertyfund.org/title/2072 (accessed May 12, 2011).

Wolin, Sheldon. “Fugitive Democracy.” Constellations 1, no. 1 (1994): 11-25.