Political Theory

José Martí and the American Founders on Liberty and Interventionism


Jose Marti is one of the most well-known and controversial figures in Latin American history. This conference compared Marti and his views on politics, foreign policy, and American culture, to the writings of various American Founders.


From Liberty Fund

The Pacificus-Helvidius Debates of 1793–1794

by By Alexander Hamilton (Pacificus) and James Madison (Helvidius)
Edited and with an Introduction by Morton J. Frisch

The Pacificus-Helvidius Debates of 1793–1794 matched Hamilton and Madison in the first chapter of an enduring discussion about the proper roles of executive and legislative branches in the conduct of American foreign policy. Ignited by President Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation of 1793, which annulled the eleventh article of America’s treaty with…

/ Learn More

Additional Readings

“Brutus II [November 1, 1787] .” Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=1669 (accessed February 1, 2013).

“The Mayflower Compact, 1620.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/17th_century/mayflower.asp (accessed November 3, 2009).

“First Inaugural Address of George Washington.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/wash1.asp (accessed September 12, 2011).

“Objections of the Hon. George Mason, one of the Delegates from Virginia in the Late Continental Convention, to the Proposed Federal Constitution; Assigned as his Reasons for not signing the Same.” Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University. http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=1847 (accessed September 12, 2011).

“Brutus V, December 13, 1787.” Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=1672 (accessed September 12, 2011).

“Brutus XV, March 20, 1788.” Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=1681 (accessed September 12, 2011).

“Brutus I, October 18, 1787.” Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=849 (accessed September 12, 2011).

Adams, John Quincy. “An address delivered at the request of a committee of the citizens of Washington; on the occasion of reading the Declaration of Independence, on the Fourth of July, 1821.” University of Missouri. http://digital.library.umsystem.edu/ (accessed September 15, 2011).

Hamilton, Alexander and James Madison, 1793. “The Pacificus-Helvidius Debate.” Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=429 (accessed September 15, 2011).

Hamilton, Alexander, John Jay, and James Madison. The Federalist. Edited by George W. Carey and James McClellan. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2001.

Kagan, Robert. Dangerous Nation: America's Place in the World, from its Earliest Days to the Dawn of the 20th Century. New York: Knopf, 2006.

Martí, José. The America of José Martí. Edited by Juan de Onis. New York: Farrar & Strauss, 1968.

Martí, José. Martí on the U.S.A. Edited by Luis A. Baralt. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1966.

Martí, José. José Martí Reader. New York: Ocean Press, 1999.

Martí, José. “Montecristi Manifesto.” historyofcuba.com. http://www.historyofcuba.com/history/marti/Manifesto.htm (accessed September 16, 2011).

Ripoll, Carlos. Thoughts/Pensamientos. Edited by José Martí. New York: Eliseo Torres, 1980.

Sumner, W. G. On Liberty, Society, and Politics. Edited by Robert C. Bannister. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1992.

Washington, George. “Farewell Address [1796] .” Lillian Goldman Law Library. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/washing.asp (June 6, 2015).

Winthrop, John. “City upon a Hill, 1630.” Mount Holyoke College. http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/winthrop.htm (accessed August 10, 2012).