Political Theory

Federalism and the Separation of Powers: Safeguards of Liberty


This conference examined the two major constitutional mechanisms that were intended by the American framers to serve as safeguards to liberty: federalism and the separation of powers. Particular emphasis was placed on the evaluation of whether and to what extent these institutional structures have been successful in political practice.


Conference Readings

United States v. Lopez, 514 U.S. 549  (Supreme Court of the United States 1995). http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/93-1260.ZS.html (accessed December 11, 2009).

Meyers, Marvin, eds. The Mind of the Founder: Sources of the Political Thought of James Madison, Revised Edition, Waltham: Brandeis University Press, 1981.

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 103 F. Supp. 569  (United States Supreme Court 1952). http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0343_0579_ZD.html (accessed October 23, 2009).

John Barron v. The Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, 32 L. 243  (U.S. Supreme Court 1833). http://www.oyez.org/cases/1792-1850/1833/1833_0 (accessed ).

HAMMER v. DAGENHART, 247 U.S. 251  (United States Supreme Court 1918). http://supreme.justia.com/us/247/251/case.html (accessed Sept. 23, 2009).

WICKARD v. FILBURN, 317 U.S. 111  (United States Supreme Court 1942). http://supreme.justia.com/us/317/111/case.html (accessed Sept. 23, 2009).

Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186  (1962).

Reynolds v. Syms, 377 U.S.  533  (1964).

Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479  (1965).

Lawrence v. Texas`, 539 U.S.  558  (2003).

United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. 100  (1941).

Congressional Research Service. Presidential Signing Statements: Constitutional and Institutional Implications. Edited by Halstead, T.J. . Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 2007.

United States v. Curtiss-Wright Corporation, 299 U.S. 304  (1936).

Carey, George W.. “The American System of Separation of Powers.” Georgetown University, , .

Hamilton, Alexander and Madison, James. The Pacificus-Helvidius Debates of 1793-1794. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2007.

Hamilton, Alexander, John Jay, and James Madison. The Federalist. Edited by George W. Carey and James McClellan. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2001.

John C. Calhoun, “Fort Hill Address: On the Relations of the States and Federal Government” In The Political Philosophy of John C. Calhoun, Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1992. -.

Lincoln, Abraham. “First Inagural Address.” Yale Law School. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/lincoln1.asp (6-7-12).

Mansfield, Harvey C.. “The Case for the Strong Executive.” Claremont Review of Books (Spring 2007): .

Morley, Felix. Freedom and Federalism. Indianapolis: Liberty Press, 1981.

Neely, Richard, “Mother, God, and Federalism” In Derailing the Constitution, Wilmington, DE: ISI, 1995. 100-117.

Nisbet, Robert. Twilight of Authority. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2000.

Reincourt, Amaury de, “Coming Caesars in America” In Liberalism v. Conservatism, edited by Kendall and Carey, 241-259. Princeton: D. von Nostrand, 1966.

Rossiter, Clinton, “Powers of the Presidency” In Liberalism v. Conservatism, edited by Kendall and Carey, 226-241. Princeton, NJ: D. van Nostrand Co, 1966.

Wilson, Woodrow. Constitutional Government in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press, 1908.

Woods, Thomas E.. “Presidential War Powers.” Lew Rockwell. http://www.lewrockwell.com/woods/woods45.html (6-7-12).

Yoo, John. “The President's Constitutional Authority to Conduct Military Operations against Terrorists and Nations Supporting Them.” United States Department of Justice. http://www.justice.gov/olc/warpowers925.htm (July 20, 2011).