Theology & Philosophy

Codes of Virtue and Liberty


The seminar investigated influential historical and contemporary codes with an eye to assessing how they cultivated both the character and the virtue of their citizens.


Conference Readings

“The Holy Bible [1885 edition] .” Oxford University Press. (September 13, 2006).

The Works of Benjamin Franklin. Edited and compiled by John Bigelow. New York and London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1904.

Fry, Timothy, eds. The Rule of St. Benedict. Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1982.

Lopez, Donald S., eds. Buddhist Scriptures. Suffolk: Penguin Classics, 2004.

The Ethics of Confucius. New York: The Knickerbocker Press, 1915. Downloaded from

Cicero. Marcus Tullius Cicero, Ethical Writings I (On Moral Duties). Edited by Andrew Peabody. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., 1887.

Confucius. The Analects. Translated by Robert Eno. An online teaching translation freely available for use in not for profit educational settings without charge at (2003, 2012, 2015)

Aristotle. The Politics of Aristotle. Translated by B. Jowett. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1885.

French, Shannon E. The Code of the Warrior: Exploring Warrior Values Past and Present. London: Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang, “The Sorrows of Young Werther” In Goethe’s Works, Volume 2, Philadelphia: G. Barrie, 1885. 291-318.

John of Salisbury. Policraticus: Of the Frivolities of Courtiers and the Footprints of Philosophers. Translated by Cary J. Nederman. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Johnston, E. H., trans. “The Buddha’s Mission and last Journey: Canto XXVI.” Acta Orientalia 15, no. 4 (1937): 253-266.

McCloskey, Deirdre N. The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of Commerce. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Nietzsche, Friedrich. On the Genealogy of Morals. Translated by Walter Kaufmann and R.J. Hollingdale. New York: Vintage Books, 1967.

Rand, Ayn. The Fountainhead. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1968.

Tsunetomo, Yamamoto. Hagakure: The Book of the Samurai. New York: Kodansha International, 1979.

Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the "Spirit" of Capitalism and Other Writings. Edited by Peter Baehr and Gordon C. Wells. New York: Penguin Books, 2002.