Arbitration, the State, and Liberty


Conferees evaluated the degree to which modern forms of business arbitration facilitate the private enforcement of contracts and law in civil society. The main questions addressed concerned the extent to which such an order depends on, or is independent of, state support and whether or not such private processes facilitate ethical behavior and self-government.


Conference Readings

Vynior’s Case, 77 English Reports 595  (King’s Bench 1609).

Scott v. Avery, 811, 10 English Reports 1121  (House of Lord’s Cases [Clark’s] 1856).

Thompson v. Charnock, 8 T.R. 139  (King’s Bench 1799).

United Nations. “Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards” from the United Nations Conference on International Commercial Arbitration (1958).

American Arbitration Association. “Commercial Arbitration Rules and Mediation Procedures: Including Procedures for Large, Complex Commercial Disputes.” (Rules amended and effective October 1, 2013; Fee Schedule amended and effective July 1, 2016).

Benson, Bruce L. The Enterprise of Law: Justice Without the State. San Francisco: Pacific Research Institute, 1990.

Drahozal, Christopher R. “Arbitration Costs and Forum Accessibility: Empirical Evidence.” University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform 41, no. 4 (Summer 2008): 813-841.

Fortier, L. Yves. “Arbitrators, corruption, and the poetic experience: ’When power corrupts, poetry cleanses’.” Arbitration International 31 (May 2015): 367-380.

Gaillard, Emmanuel. “Abuse of Process in International Arbitration.” ICSID Review: Foreign Investment Law Journal 32, no. 1 (Winter 2017): 17–37.

Landes, William M. and Richard Posner. “Adjudication as a Private Good.” National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc., Working Paper Series, Paper No. 263, Stanford, California, July 1978.

Malynes, Gerard. Lex Mercatoria, or The Ancient Law-Merchant. London: Adam Islip, Printer, 1622.

Mann, Bruce H. “The Formalization of Informal Law: Arbitration before the American Revolution.” New York University Law Review 59, no. 443 (June 1984): 1-13.

Roebuck, Derek. Mediation and Arbitration in the Middle Ages, England 1154 to 1558. Oxford: Holo Books, The Arbitration Press, 2013.

Roebuck, Derek and Bruno de Loynes de Fumichon. Roman Arbitration. Oxford: Holo Books, The Arbitration Press, 2004.

Sayre, Paul. “Development of Commercial Arbitration Law.” Yale Law Review 37, no. 595 (March 1928): 1-7.

Stipanowich, Thomas J. “The Arbitration Penumbra: Arbitration Law and the Rapidly Changing Landscape of Dispute Resolution.” Nevada Law Journal 8, no. 427 (Fall 2007): 1-22.

Stone, Katherine Van Wezel. “Rustic Justice: Community and Coercion under the Federal Arbitration Act.” North Carolina Law Review 77, no. 931 (March 1999): 1-39.

United Kingdom Parliament. “English Arbitration Act of 1950.” (5/4/2017).

United States Congress. “Title 9—Arbitration.” U. S. Government Printing Office. (8/1/2017).

Wolaver, Earl. “The Historical Background of Commercial Arbitration.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 83, no. 132 (1934): 132-146.